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labiodental consonant: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

Places of
articulation

Template:•Labial
Bilabial
Labial-velar
Labial-alveolar
Labiodental

Template:•Bidental

Template:•Coronal
Linguolabial
Interdental
Dental
Denti-alveolar
Alveolar
Apical
Laminal
Postalveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Retroflex

Template:•Dorsal
Palatal
Labial-palatal
Velar
Uvular
Uvular-epiglottal

Template:•Radical
Pharyngeal
Epiglotto-pharyngeal
Epiglottal

Template:•Glottal

This page contains phonetic information in IPA, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]

In phonetics, labiodentals are consonants articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth. The labiodental consonants identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
voiceless labiodental plosive
voiced labiodental plosive
p̪͡f voiceless labiodental affricate Tsonga3 N/A [tim̪p̪͡fuβu] hippos
b̪͡v voiced labiodental affricate Tsonga4 N/A [ʃileb̪͡vu] chin
labiodental nasal English symphony1 [ˈsɪɱfəni] symphony
voiceless labiodental fricative English fan [fæn] fan
voiced labiodental fricative English van [væn] van
labiodental approximant Dutch wang [ʋɑŋ] cheek
ɧ voiceless rounded velarized labiodental fricative Swedish5 sjok [ɧuːk] chunk

Notes:

  1. In English, [ɱ] is an allophone of /m/ that occurs before /v/ and /f/.
  2. The stops (the plosives and the nasal ɱ) are not confirmed to exist as separate phonemes in any language. They are sometimes written as ȹ ȸ (qp and db monograms). They may also be found in children's speech or as speech impediments[citation needed].
  3. This applies only to the XiNkuna dialect of Tsonga where it is a separate phoneme (with aspirated and unaspirate allophones in free variation. Please note these differ from the German bilabial-labiodental affricate which commences with a bilabial p.
  4. Again, found only in the XiNkuna dialect.
  5. Varies considerably between dialects. In some dialects a different sound is employed, similar to the velar fricative [x].

See also

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Simple English

Labiodental consonants are labial consonants made with the bottom lip and the top teeth.


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