m: Wikis


Encyclopedia

Basic Latin alphabet
 AaBbCcDd 
EeFfGgHhIiJj
KkLlMmNnOoPp
QqRrSsTtUuVv
 WwXxYyZz 

M is the thirteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet. Its name in English (pronounced /ɛm/) is spelled em.[1]

Contents

History

The letter M derives its shape from the Phoenician Mem, via the Greek Mu (Μ, μ). Semitic Mem probably originally pictured water. It is known that Semitic people working in Egypt c. 2000 BC borrowed a hieroglyph for "water" that was first used for an alveolar nasal (/n/, because of the Egyptian word for water, "n-t". This same symbol became used for M in Semitic, because their word for water began with that sound.

Egyptian hieroglyph "M" Proto-Semitic M Phoenician M Etruscan M Greek MU Roman M
n

The letter M represents the bilabial nasal consonant sound, IPA: [m], in Classical languages as well as the modern languages. The Oxford English Dictionary (first edition) says that 'm' is sometimes a vowel in words like spasm and in the suffix -ism. In modern terminology, this would be described as a syllabic consonant — IPA [m̩].

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of M
NATO phonetic Morse code
Mike ––
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode the capital M is codepoint U+004D and the lower case m is U+006D.

The ASCII code for capital M is 77 and for lowercase m is 109; or in binary 01001101 and 01101101, correspondingly.

The EBCDIC code for capital M is 212 and for lowercase m is 148.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "M" and "m" for upper and lower case respectively.

See also

References

  1. ^ "M" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "em," op. cit.
The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter M with diacritics
ḾḿṀṁṂṃⱮɱ

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

The Universal Character Set
Letter m.svg
Unicode name LATIN SMALL LETTER M
Basic Latin U+006D

Contents

Translingual

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Wikipedia

Etymology 1

Greek Μ (M, “Mu”), from which Latin upper case and lower case m were derived Modification of capital letter M, from Ancient Greek letter Μ (M), Mu).

Letter

m lower case (upper case M)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Etymology 2

Various abbreviations

Symbol

m

  1. meter (metre), the unit of length in the International System of Units
  2. milli-
  3. (phonectics) used in the International Phonetic Alphabet and in several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent the bilabial nasal (IPA: /m/), including Cyrillic м (m), em), the beginning of various kana including  (ma), and Korean jamo  (m), mieum).

Etymology 3

From upper case roman numeral M (1000), an alteration of , from , an alteration of , an alteration of , from encircling X (the roman numeral for ten) to indicate the hundredth ten.

Alternative forms

Numeral

m (lower case roman numeral, upper case M)

  1. (Roman numerals) cardinal number one thousand (1000)
Synonyms
  • CIƆ

See also

Other representations of M:


English

Pronunciation

 Audio (US)help, file
 Audio (UK)help, file

Letter

m (lower case, upper case M)

  1. The letter em; the thirteenth letter of the English alphabet, representing the phoneme /m/.

See also

  • Previous letter: l
  • Next letter: n

Abbreviation

m

  1. metre
  2. (grammar) masculine
  3. mile
  4. milli
  5. million

Translations

See also


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /ɛm/

Letter

m (lower case, upper case M)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: l
  • Next letter: n

Haitian Creole

Etymology 1

Contraction of mwen from French moi.

Pronunciation

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA or SAMPA then please add some!

Pronoun

m

  1. Contraction of mwen.

Etymology 2

Letter

m (lowercase, uppercase M)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Haitian Creole alphabet.

Italian

Noun

m m. and f. inv.

  1. See under M

Japanese

m

  1. meter

!Kung

Verb

m

  1. eat

Latin

Letter

m

  1. A letter from the Latin alphabet.

Abbreviation

m

  1. Marcus

Mandarin

Pinyin syllable

m

  1. A transliteration of Chinese characters properly represented as having the tone ḿ or .

Usage notes

English transcriptions of Chinese speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Chinese language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.


Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /me/, /em/

Letter

m (lower case, upper case M)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /m/. Preceded by l and followed by n.

Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA: /m/

Letter

m (lower case, upper case M)

  1. The 18th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: lj
  • Next letter: n

Abbreviation

m (Cyrillic spelling м)

  1. (grammar) masculine gender
  2. meter (unit of length)

Spanish

Letter

m (lower case, upper case M)

  1. The 15th letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Swahili

Noun class

m- (pl. differs per definition)

  1. A noun class denoting a child. (pl. wa-)
  2. A noun class denoting a plant. (pl. mi-)

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

M is the thirteenth (number 13) letter in the English alphabet.

Meanings for M

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Mafia, which are similar to those in the above article.








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