n: Wikis

  

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Encyclopedia

Basic Latin alphabet
 AaBbCcDd 
EeFfGgHhIiJj
KkLlMmNnOoPp
QqRrSsTtUuVv
 WwXxYyZz 

N is the fourteenth letter in the basic modern Latin alphabet. Its name in English (pronounced /ɛn/) is spelled en.[1]

Contents

History of the forms

One of the most common snake hieroglyph was used in Egyptian writing to stand for a sound like English "J", because the Egyptian word for "snake" was djet. It is speculated that Semitic people working in Egypt adapted hieroglyphics to create the first alphabet, and that they used the same snake symbol to represent N, because their word for "snake" may have begun with that sound. However, the name for the letter in the Phoenician, Hebrew, Aramaic and Arabic alphabets is nun, which means "fish" in some of these languages. The sound value of the letter was /n/—as in Greek, Etruscan, Latin and all modern languages.

Egyptian hieroglyph for 'J' Proto-Semitic N Phoenician N Etruscan N Greek Nu
D

Usage

N represents the dental or alveolar nasal in virtually all languages that use the Latin alphabet. A common digraph with is , which represents a velar nasal in a variety of languages, usually positioned word-finally in English. In languages like Italian and French, represents a palatal nasal (/ɲ/). The Portuguese spelling for this sound is . In English, n is silent when it is preceded by an m, in words like hymn (although it is pronounced in words such as damnation).

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, the lowercase [n] represents the alveolar nasal sound. A small capital [ɴ] represents the uvular nasal.

N is the second-most commonly used consonant in the English language (after T).

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of N
NATO phonetic Morse code
November –·
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode the capital N is codepoint U+004E and the lower case n is U+006E.

The ASCII code for capital N is 78 and for lowercase n is 110; or in binary 01001110 and 01101110, correspondingly.

The EBCDIC code for capital N is 213 and for lowercase n is 149.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "N" and "n" for upper and lower case respectively.

See also

The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter N with diacritics
ŃńǸǹŇňÑñṄṅŅņṆṇṊṋṈṉN̈n̈ƝɲȠƞɳȵ

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646

References

  1. ^ "N" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "en," op. cit.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

The Universal Character Set
Letter n.svg
Unicode name LATIN SMALL LETTER N
Basic Latin U+006E
See also ո, ռ, , and Appendix:Variations of "n"

Contents

Translingual

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Wikipedia

Etymology

From the old Latin N, from the Greek Ν (nu), from an archaic reversed Greek N, from the Phœnician symbol; possibly from an earlier Egyptian hieroglyph of a serpent.

Letter

n lower case (upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
  2. A symbol of the IPA, representing an alveolar nasal.

Related terms

See also

Other representations of N:


English

Pronunciation

 Audio (UK)help, file

Noun

N (lowercase: n)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the English alphabet.
  2. The fourteenth in a list. (Synonyms: 14, XIV)

Abbreviation

n or N (See N for more abbreviations.)

  1. north
  2. (grammar) noun
  3. (grammar) neuter gender
  4. Neutral
  5. No

Translations


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /ɛn/

Letter

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: n
  • Next letter: o

Italian

Noun

n m. and f. inv.

  1. See under N

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ne/, /en/

Letter

n (lowercase, capital N)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /n/. Preceded by m and followed by o.

Serbian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA: /n/

Letter

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The 19th letter of the Serbian Latin alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: m
  • Next letter: nj

Spanish

Letter

n (lower case, upper case N)

  1. The 16th letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

N is the fourteenth (number 14) letter in the English alphabet.

Meanings for N








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