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process: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

Process may refer to:

Biology
Psychology
  • Cognitive processes are the building blocks of the cognition
Science and technnology
Business
Music
  • Process music, music which arises from a process
  • Process (Candy Lo album)
Other uses
  • Process (patent), series of steps for making or using product
  • Process (philosophy), unifying principles which operate in many different systemic contexts
  • Service of process, an official notice of a legal proceeding
  • Process haircut, which uses a Relaxer chemical agent to straighten hair

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Contents

English

Etymology 1

From Old French proces (journey), from Latin processus, past participle of procedo

Pronunciation

Noun

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Singular
process

Plural
processes

process (plural processes)

  1. A series of events to produce a result, especially as contrasted to product.
    This product of last month's quality standards committee is quite good, even though the process was flawed.
  2. (law) The act of serving a defendant with a summons or a writ.
  3. (biology) An outgrowth of tissue or cell.
  4. (computing) A task or program that is or was executing.
  5. (manufacturing) A set of procedures used to produce a product, most commonly in the food and chemical industries.
    • 1960, Mack Tyner, Process Engineering Calculations: Material and Energy Balances - Ordinarily a process plant will use a steam boiler to supply its process heat requirements and to drive a steam-turbine generator.
    • 1987, J. R. Richards, Principles of control system design in Modelling and control of fermentation processes - The words plant or process infer generally any dynamic system, be it primarily mechanical, electrical, or chemical process in nature, and may extend also to include social or economic systems.
  6. A path of succession of states through which a system passes.
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Infinitive
to process

Third person singular
processes

Simple past
processed

Past participle
processed

Present participle
processing

to process (third-person singular simple present processes, present participle processing, simple past and past participle processed)

  1. (transitive) To perform a particular process.
    We have processed the data using our proven techniques, and have come to the following conclusions.
  2. (transitive) To treat with a substance
Translations

Etymology 2

Back-formation from procession.

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /prɒˈsɛs/

Verb

Infinitive
to process

Third person singular
processes

Simple past
processed

Past participle
processed

Present participle
processing

to process (third-person singular simple present processes, present participle processing, simple past and past participle processed)

  1. To walk in a procession.

Anagrams


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

Inflection for process Singular Plural
common Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Base form process processen processer processerna
Possessive form process processens processers processernas

process

  1. process

Simple English

A process is a series of stages in time where the last stage is the product, result or goal.

Processes may be planned or unplanned.

A process planned by humans has a purpose. It is a course of action, or a procedure, to achieve a result, or an end-product. The sequence from start to finish is the plan. A plan may be written, or programmed, or just held in the mind. Examples: building a house, fighting a battle, sowing crops; organising a wedding...

A natural process has no conscious purpose, and may or may not have a definite end-product. Though it has no purpose or plan, it may follow a series of well-defined natural changes. It can be investigated and described. Examples: the evolution of the solar system; biological evolution; the growth of melting of ice at the Arctic; the process of development from egg to adult.

Processes often repeat whenever certain conditions hold. Example: car low on petrol/gas, visit garage and refill. Most computer programs are of this type. Processes may be circular: planets revolve around sun; eggs produce chickens, and chickens produce eggs.

Processes, especially those which are cyclical, may be subject to feedback. A simple case is a central heating system. Even an unplanned natural process may be controlled by feedback: evolution is a good example, in which the feedback is effected by relative fecundity.[1]

References

  1. Living organisms are successful when they leave more offspring than others of the same kind. This causes their genes to become more widespread in the population.

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