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Sadness is an emotion characterized by feelings of disadvantage, loss, and helplessness. When sad, people often become quiet, less energetic, and withdrawn. Sadness is considered to be the opposite of happiness, and is similar to the emotions of sorrow, grief, misery, and melancholy. The philosopher Baruch Spinoza defined sadness as the “transfer of a person from a large perfection to a smaller one.” Sadness can be viewed as a temporary lowering of mood, whereas depression is characterized by a persistent and intense lowered mood, as well as disruption to one's ability to function in day to day matters.

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary





sad +‎ -ness



countable and uncountable; plural sadnesses

sadness (countable and uncountable; plural sadnesses)

  1. (uncountable) The state or emotion of being sad.
  2. (countable) An event in one's life that causes sadness.
    She has experienced many sadnesses in her forty years.



Simple English

A young boy looking sad
Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:

Sadness is an emotion. It is the opposite of happiness. People feel sad when something bad has happened, for example, if someone they love has died, or if they are parted from friends. The word "miserable" has a similar meaning.

In big letters, SAD, or S.A.D. is short for "Seasonal Affective Disorder". SAD is a sickness that some people have in the winter. They feel depressed as the nights become longer and there is less daylight.

When people are very sad, and for a long time, the person could have a serious mental illness called depression.


It is normally thought of the opposite of happiness, but you can feel both happy and sad at the same time.

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