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Sophomore is a term used in the United States to describe a student in the 2nd year of study (generally referring to high school or university study).[1][2] The word is also sometimes used in the United States as jargon for the second album released by a musician or group, the second movie of a director, or the second season of a professional athlete.[3]

Contents

Etymology

The etymology is from Greek, sophisma ‘clever device’ from sophizesthai ‘to devise, become wise’, and the original English spelling was "Sophumer".[4] It was not until 1726 that the spelling was established in America as "sophomore."[citation needed]

Education

High school

In the United States, the 10th grade is usually the second year of a student's high school period and is referred to as sophomore year. High school sophomores are expected to begin preparing for the college application process, including reducing and focusing their extracurricular activities.[5] Most students reach the age of 16 while sophomores, and so the year is considered a watermark for independence, closely connected with the acquisition of a driver's license in most states. Whereas it was once primarily taken by students in the 11th grade, the PSAT, a college preparatory exam taken across the U.S., is now most commonly taken during a student's sophomore year. Students at this level are also considered to be developing greater ability for abstract thinking.[6]

College

In the U.S., colleges generally require students to declare an academic major by the end of their sophomore year.[7] College sophomores are advised to begin thinking about career options and to get involved in volunteering or social organizations on or near campus.[8]

See also

References


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

From Greek ? (sophumer), from the obsolete ? (sophom), sophism or dialectical exercise), likely influenced by ? (sophos) + ? (moros), wise fool).

EB1911A-pict1.png This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this word, please add it to the page as described here.
Particularly: “script; el or grc? see also pedia article”

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA: /ˈsɒfəmɔə/
  • (US) IPA: /ˈsɑːfmɔːɻ/

Adjective

sophomore (not comparable)

Positive
sophomore

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. (US) The second in a series, especially, the second of an artist’s albums or the second of four years in a secondary or post-secondary school.
    The band’s sophomore album built upon the success of their debut release, catapulting them to megastardom.

Translations

Noun

Singular
sophomore

Plural
sophomores

sophomore (plural sophomores)

  1. (US) A second-year undergraduate student in a college or university, or a second-year student in a four-year secondary school or high school.
    She was very mature for a sophomore and had several friends who were juniors or even seniors.
  2. (US) (horse-racing) A three year old horse.
    The filly had looked promising as a sophomore, but concerns over her health had prompted the owner to pull her from the season’s early races.

Related terms

Translations

References

Answers.com article on “sophomore”

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