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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Etymology

From Latin speciēs (appearance; quality), from speciō (see) + -iēs suffix signifying abstract noun.

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
species
Plural
species
species (plural species)
  1. A group of plants or animals having similar appearance.
    This species of animal is unique to the area.
  2. (biology, taxonomy) A rank in the classification of organisms, below genus and above subspecies; a taxon at that rank
    • Darwin, On the Origin of Species:
      Hence, in determining whether a form should be ranked as a species or a variety, the opinion of naturalists having sound judgment and wide experience seems the only guide to follow.
    I cast the species of the Sun onto a sheet of paper through a telescope.
  3. (mineralogy) A mineral with a unique chemical formula whose crystals belong to a unique crystallographic system.
  4. (obsolete) The image of something cast on a surface, or reflected from a surface, or refracted through a lens or telescope; a reflection.
  5. (Roman Catholicism) Either of the two elements of the Eucharist after they have been consecrated, so named because they retain the image of the bread and wine before their transubstantiation into the body and blood of Christ.

Usage notes

  • specie is a separate word that means coin money, not the singular version of species.
  • (biology, taxonomy, rank in the classification of organisms): See species name.

Derived terms

Related terms

See also

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References


Latin

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Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Species (taxinomia)
Wikipedia la

Etymology

From speciō (see) + -iēs suffix signifying abstract noun.

Pronunciation

Noun

speciēs (genitive speciēī); f, fifth declension
  1. a seeing, view, look
  2. a spectacle, sight
  3. external appearance; general outline or shape
  4. semblance, pretence, pretext, outward show
  5. show, display
  6. (figuratively) vision, dream, apparition
  7. (figuratively) honor, reputation
  8. (figuratively) a kind, quality, species
  9. (law, later) a special case

Inflection

Number Singular Plural
nominative speciēs speciēs
genitive specieī speciērum
dative specieī speciēbus
accusative speciem speciēs
ablative speciē speciēbus
vocative speciēs speciēs

Descendants


Simple English

In taxonomy, a species is a kind of animal or plant. All animals or plants that are the same kind belong to the same species. Wolves (Canis lupus (cane-is loo-puss)) are one species. Humans are another species.

Species is a word for a special kind of living thing, like a crow. Crows and ravens are similar but not the same, so they are together in a more general group called a genus. Then there is a family (like the crow family, which includes crows and ravens as well as jays and magpies), and then an order such as the songbirds, (which has many families in it, such as the crow, thrush and swallow families). The next group is the class; all birds are in the same class. After that is the phylum, such as vertebrates, which is all animals with backbones. Last of all is the kingdom, like the animal kingdom. These are ways to classify living things.

There is a mnemonic to help people remember the order of the divisions which are listed again below: "King Phillip Came Over For Great Spaghetti".

Example

Take as an example the bird called a Common Loon or Great Northern Diver:

Other pages

krc:Биология тюрлю



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 04, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Species, which are similar to those in the above article.








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