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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

The Universal Character Set
LetterU.svg
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U
Basic Latin U+0055

Contents

Translingual

Etymology 1

Latin V, from which U derived Minuscule variation of U, a modern variation of classical Latin V, from seventh century Old Latin adoption of Old Italic letter 𐌖 (V).

Letter

u lower case (upper case U)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
See also

Etymology 2

Symbol

u

  1. (metrology) symbol for unified atomic mass unit
  2. (phonetics) used in the International Phonetic Alphabet and in several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent a close back rounded vowel (IPA: /u/).

See also

Other representations of U:


English

Etymology

Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚢ (u, “ur”)

From Middle English lower case letter v (also written u), from Old English lower case u, from 7th century replacement by lower case u of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter  (u), ur), derived from Raetic letter u.

Before the 1700s, the pointed form v was written at the beginning of a word, while a rounded form u was used elsewhere, regardless of sound. So whereas valor and excuse appeared as in modern printing, have and upon were printed haue and vpon. Eventually, in the 1700s, to differentiate between the consonant and vowel sounds, the v form was used to represent the consonant, and u the vowel sound. v then preceded u in the alphabet, but the order has since reversed.

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /juː/
  • (phoneme): (RP) IPA: /ʌ/, /uː/, /ʊ/
  • (phoneme): (US) IPA: /ʌ/, /u/, /ʊ/
  • (phoneme): (Australian) IPA: /a/, /ʉː/, /ʊ/
 Audio (CA)help, file
 Audio (US)help, file
  • Homophones: ewe, yew, you, hew (in h-dropping dialects), hue (in h-dropping dialects)

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-third (23rd) letter of the English alphabet.
    I prefer the u in Arial to the one in Times New Roman.

See also

  • Previous letter: t
  • Next letter: v

Noun

Singular
u

Plural
us or u’s

u (plural us or u’s)

  1. The name of the letter U
  2. A thing in the shape of the letter U

Translations

Derived terms

Pronoun

u second person, singular or plural, nominative or objective

  1. (informal) you
    Take me with u.

Abbreviation

u

  1. Underwater.

Derived terms


Afrikaans

Pronoun

u


Bosnian

Preposition

u

  1. in
  2. inside
  3. at
  4. In the possession of

Catalan

Etymology 1

Noun

u f. (plural us)

  1. The Latin letter U (lowercase u).

Etymology 2

Noun

u m. (plural uns)

  1. (cardinal) masculine noun form of un ; the number 1

Usage notes

Catalan cardinal numbers may be used as masculine or feminine adjectives. When used as a noun, Catalan cardinal numbers are treated as masculine singular nouns in most contexts. An exception occurs in certain expressions involving time such as la una i trenta (1:30) or les dues (two o'clock) where the feminine noun hora (pl. hores) has been elided.


Croatian

Preposition

u

  1. in

Czech

Pronunciation

Preposition

u

  1. at
  2. by

Dutch

Pronunciation

Pronoun

u

  1. (personal, second-person singular, subjective) you (polite).
    Bent u klaar? — “Are you ready?”
    Bent u er nog? — “Are you still there?”
  2. (personal, second-person singular, objective) you (polite).
    Ik zal het aan u geven. — “I will give it to you.”
    Dit zal niet werken voor u. — “This won’t work for you.”
  3. (personal, second-person singular, objective) thee (dialectal).
    Ik doe dat wel voor u. — “I’ll do it for thee.”
  4. (personal, second-person plural, subjective) you (polite).
    Hebt u die oefening gemaakt? — “Have you prepared that exercise?”
  5. (personal, second-person plural, objective) you (polite).
    Ze zullen dat wel voor u doen. — “They’ll do it for you.”
  6. (reflexive, second-person singular) thyself (dialectal)
    Gij hebt u niet gewassen. — “Thou hast not washed thyself.”
  7. (reflexive, second-person plural) thyselves (dialectal)
    Wast u eens. — “Wash thyselves.”

Usage notes

  • The capitalization of u (as in U or Uw) is now considered old-fashioned, and no longer compulsory. In religious contexts, it is still often capitalized.
  • See usage notes at gij.

Related terms

See Wiktionary:Dutch inflection

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: t
  • Next letter: v

Esperanto

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /u/
  • (phoneme): IPA: /u/

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Esperanto alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: t
  • Next letter: ŭ

Noun

u (plural u-oj, accusative singular u-on, accusative plural u-ojn)

  1. The name of the letter U/u.

Italian

Noun

u m. and f. inv.

  1. See under U

Japanese

Noun

u (hiragana )

  1. : cormorant
  2. : hiragana letter u
  3. : katakana letter u

Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille

Pronoun

u

  1. that, who

Conjunction

u

  1. and, also

Maltese

Conjunction

u

  1. and (used to connect two similar words, phrases, et cetera)

This Maltese entry was created from the translations listed at and. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see u in the Maltese Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) January 2009


Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *u < Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew

Pronunciation

Preposition

u (+ genitive)

  1. at

Pumpokol

Etymology

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔaw (/ *ʔu) ("thou").

Pronoun

u

  1. you (second-person plural subjective)

Synonyms


Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

u (lowercase, capital U)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /t/. Preceded by ţ and followed by v.

Romansch

Etymology

Latin aut

Conjunction

u

  1. or

Serbian

Pronunciation

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The 27th letter of the Serbian Latin alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: t
  • Next letter: v

Preposition

u (Cyrillic у)

  1. in
  2. inside
  3. at
  4. In the possession of

Spanish

Etymology 1

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The 24th letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Noun

u f. (plural us)

Singular
u f.

Plural
us f.

  1. Name of the letter U.

Etymology 2

Conjunction

u

  1. or
Usage notes

Used instead of o when the following word starts with a vowel sound which is pronounced /o/.

See also


Swahili

Prefix

u-

  1. Marks noun class 11, denoting abstract nouns, singulatives, elongated objects, and countries.

Torres Strait Creole

Noun

u

  1. (eastern dialect) a mature coconut

Usage notes

U is the sixth stage of coconut growth. It is preceded by pes and followed by drai koknat.


Uzbek

Pronoun

u (Cyrillic у)

  1. Demonstrative pronoun used to indicate a thing that is far away from the speaker. that.
    • U eshik.
      That is a door. / That door.

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

U (lowercase u) is the twenty-first (number 21) letter in the English alphabet.

Meanings for U








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