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voiced alveolar plosive: Wikis


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IPA – number 104
IPA – text d
IPA – image [[File:|{{{imagesize}}}]]
Entity d
Kirshenbaum d
Sound sample

The voiced alveolar plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiced dental, alveolar, and postalveolar plosives is d (although the symbol can be used to distinguish the dental version, see voiceless dental plosive), and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is d.



Features of the voiced alveolar plosive:

Varieties of [d]

IPA Description
d modal d
or breathy voice or murmured d
palatalized d
labialized d
pharyngialized d
unreleased d
voiceless or slack voice d
stiff voice d
apical d
laminal d
dental or denti-alveolar d
or d̪͆ interdental d
postalveolar d


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Czech do [do] 'into' See Czech phonology
Dutch[1] dak [dɑk] 'roof' See Dutch phonology
English admit [ædˈmɪt] 'admit' See English phonology
Finnish sidos [sido̞s] 'bond' See Finnish phonology
French dais [dɛ] 'canopy' See French phonology
German Dach [dax] 'roof' See German phonology
Greek ντροπή [dro̞ˈpi] 'shame' See Modern Greek phonology
Hungarian adó [ɒdoː] 'tax' See Hungarian phonology
Indonesian[2] dacing [ˈdatʃiŋ] 'balance scale'
Japanese[3] 男性的/danseiteki [danseiteki] 'masculine' See Japanese phonology
Korean 아들/adeul [adɯl] 'son'See Korean phonology
Maltese dehen [den] 'wit'
Norwegian dans [dɑns] 'dance' See Norwegian phonology
Slovak do [do] 'into'
Swedish dag [dɑːg] 'day' See Swedish phonology

See also

  • List of phonetics topics



  • Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (2): 45-47 
  • Maddieson, Ian (1984). Patterns of Sound. Camebridge University Press. 
  • Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 21 (2): 94-97 
  • Soderberg, Craig D.; Olson, Kenneth S. (2008), "Indonesian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (2): 209-213 



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