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Encyclopedia

IPA – number 102
IPA – text b
IPA – image [[File:|{{{imagesize}}}]]
Entity b
X-SAMPA b
Kirshenbaum b
Sound sample

The voiced bilabial plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is b, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is b. The voiced bilabial plosive occurs in English, and it is the sound denoted by the letter "b" in boy. Many Indian languages, such as Hindi, have a two-way contrast between aspirated and plain [b].

Contents

Features

Features of the voiced bilabial plosive:

Varieties of [b]

IPA Description
b plain velar fricative
labialised
b̜ʷ semi-labialised
b̹ʷ strongly labialised
palatalised

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Arabic Standard[1] كتب [ˈkatabɐ]'he wrote' See Arabic phonology
Dutch[2] boer [buːr] 'farmer' See Dutch phonology
English aback [əˈbæk] 'aback' See English phonology
Catalan[3] blau [blaw] 'blue' (m.) See Catalan phonology
Czech bota [bota] 'boot' See Czech phonology
French[4] boue [bu] 'mud' See French phonology
Georgian[5] ავშვი [ˈbavʃvi]'child'
German Bub [buːp] 'boy' See German phonology
Greek μπόχα [ˈbo̞xa] 'reek' See Modern Greek phonology
Hindi बाल [bɑl] 'hair' See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hungarian baba [bɒbɒ] 'baby' See Hungarian phonology
Italian[6] bile [ˈbile] 'rage' See Italian phonology
Japanese[7] ?/ban [baɴ] '(one's) turn' See Japanese phonology
Korean 바보/
babo
[paːbo] 'fool'See Korean phonology
Maltese għatba [a:t'ba] 'threshold'
Norwegian bål [ˈbɔːl] 'bonfire' See Norwegian phonology
Pirahã pibaóí [ˈpìbàóí̯]'parent'
Polish[8] bas [bas] 'bass' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[9] bato [ˈbatu] 'I strike' See Portuguese phonology
Russian[10] рыба [ˈrɨbə] 'fish' Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Slovak b [bic] 'to be'
Spanish[11] invertir [ĩmbe̞rˈtir] 'to invest' See Spanish phonology
Swedish bra [ˈbrɑː] 'good' See Swedish phonology
Turkish bulut [ˈbulut̪] 'cloud' See Turkish phonology
Zapotec Tilquiapan[12] bald [bal͡d] 'few'

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Carbonell, Joan F.; Llisterri, Joaquim (1992), "Catalan", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (1-2): 53-56 
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 25 (2): 90-94 
  • Fougeron, Cecile; Smith, Caroline L (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 23 (2): 73-76 
  • Gussenhoven, Carlos (1992), "Dutch", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (2): 45-47 
  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 103-107 
  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (2): 255-259 
  • Merrill, Elizabeth (2008), "Tilquipan Zapotec", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 38 (1): 107-114 
  • Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 21 (2): 94-97 
  • Padgett, Jaye (2003), "Contrast and Post-Velar Fronting in Russian", Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 21 (1): 39-87 
  • Rogers, Derek; d'Arcangeli, Luciana (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (1): 117-121 
  • Shosted, Ryan K.; Vakhtang, Chikovani (2006), "Standard Georgian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 36 (2): 255-264 
  • Thelwall, Robin (1990), "Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 20 (2): 37-41 
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