Clarksville, Tennessee: Wikis

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Clarksville, Tennessee
—  City  —
Clarksville's historic downtown
Nickname(s): Tennessee's Top Spot [1]
Gateway to the New South[2]
Location in Montgomery County and the state of Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°31′47″N 87°21′33″W / 36.52972°N 87.35917°W / 36.52972; -87.35917
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Montgomery
Founded: 1785
Incorporated: 1808
Government
 - Mayor Johnny Piper
Area
 - Total 95.5 sq mi (247.4 km2)
 - Land 94.9 sq mi (245.7 km2)
 - Water 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)
Elevation 509 ft (155 m)
Population (U.S.Census Bureau)
 - Total 119,284
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 37040-37044
Area code(s) 931
FIPS code 47-15160[3]
GNIS feature ID 1269467[4]
Website http://www.cityofclarksville.com/

Clarksville is a city in and the county seat of Montgomery County, Tennessee, United States,[5] and the fifth largest city in the state. The population was 119,284 in 2008 United States Census. Clarksville is the principal central city of the Clarksville, TN-KY metropolitan statistical area, which consists of Montgomery County, Stewart County, Tennessee, Christian County, Kentucky and Trigg County, Kentucky.

The city was incorporated in 1785, and named for General George Rogers Clark, frontier fighter and Revolutionary War hero,[2] brother of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.[6]

Clarksville is the home of Austin Peay State University, The Leaf-Chronicle newspaper, and neighbor to the Fort Campbell, Kentucky, United States Army post. Fort Campbell is the home of the 101st Airborne Division, and is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) from downtown Clarksville, straddling the Tennessee-Kentucky state line. It is officially Fort Campbell, Kentucky due to the fact the base U.S. Post Office is on the Kentucky side of the base; the majority of Fort Campbell is within the state of Tennessee.

The city's nicknames include "The Queen City" or "Queen of the Cumberland"[7] and "Gateway to the New South".[2] The slogan "Tennessee's Top Spot" was introduced as a new city "brand" in April 2008. [8]

Contents

Geography

Clarksville is located at 36°31′47″N 87°21′33″W / 36.52972°N 87.35917°W / 36.52972; -87.35917 (36.5297222, -87.3594444)[9]. The elevation is 382 feet (116 m) above sea level. This altitude can be found on a section of Riverside Drive, which runs along the eastern bank of the Cumberland, but most of the city is higher. Clarksville's civil airport, Outlaw Field, is listed as 550 feet (170 m) AMSL by survey. According to Topo USA mapping software, the city square sits at 475 feet (145 m) and the courthouse at 509 feet (155 m). There is a point on the northern side of Memorial Drive near Medical Court that reaches 598 feet (182 m).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 95.5 square miles (247.4 km²), of which, 94.9 square miles (245.7 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²) of it (0.71%) is water.

Clarksville is located on the northwest edge of the Highland Rim, which surrounds the Nashville Basin, and is 45 miles (72 km) northwest of Nashville.

Clarksville was founded on the Cumberland River near the confluence of the Cumberland and the Red River. The Cumberland flows downstream from Nashville, some 40 miles (64 km) southeast of Clarksville. From its beginnings, the river was the city's commercial lifeline. Flat boats and, by the 1820s, steamboats carried cotton, oats, soybeans and tobacco, downstream to the Ohio River and up the Ohio to Pittsburgh. More frequently, cargo went down the Ohio to the Mississippi River and New Orleans. Both dark-fired and burley tobacco are grown in the area, and European tobacco buyers helped make Clarksville the largest market in the world for dark-fired tobacco, particularly Type 22, used in smokeless products. It was considered to have the highest nicotine content of all tobaccos in the 19th century.

To the northwest of Clarksville, lies the Fort Campbell Military Reservation, home of the 101st Airborne Division. Much of Clarksville's economy can be attributed to Fort Campbell's presence (and Austin Peay State University). Most of Fort Campbell is in Tennessee, mostly in Montgomery and Stewart counties. It is classified as a Kentucky location because its post office is in Kentucky.[citation needed]

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Major roads and highways

ZIP codes

The ZIP codes used in the Clarksville area are: 37040, 37041, 37042, 37043, 37044.

Area code

Clarksville uses the area code 931.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 103,455 people, 36,969 households, and 26,950 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,090.6 people per square mile (421.1/km²). There were 40,041 housing units at an average density of 422.1/sq mi (163.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.91% White, 23.23% African American, 0.54% Native American, 2.16% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 2.61% from other races, and 3.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.03% of the population. The census recorded 5,187 foreign-born residents in Clarksville.

There were 36,969 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 13.6% from 18 to 24, 34.7% from 25 to 44, 15.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,548, and the median income for a family was $41,421. Males had a median income of $29,480 versus $22,549 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,686. About 8.4% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Population history

  • 1960 - 22,021
  • 1970 - 41,687
  • 1980 - 62,721
  • 1990 - 75,494
  • 2000 - 103,455
  • 2008 - 119,284

History

Founding

The area around Clarksville was first surveyed by Thomas Hutchins in 1768. He identified Red Paint Hill, a rock bluff at the confluence of the Cumberland and Red Rivers, as a navigational landmark.[citation needed] In the years between 1771 and 1775, John Montgomery, the namesake of the county, along with Kasper Mansker visited the area while on a hunting expedition.[citation needed] That same year, the land between the Ohio and the Cumberland was purchased by Richard Henderson from the Cherokee Indians for horses, guns, and alcohol. The other local tribes, such as the Creek, Shawnee, and Chickasaw claimed parts of the territory, creating conflict between the Indians and the settlers.[citation needed]

In 1779, James Robertson brought a group of settlers from upper East Tennessee via Daniel Boone's "Wilderness Road". Robertson would later build an iron plantation in Cumberland Furnace.[citation needed] A year later, in 1780, John Donelson led a group of flat boats up the Cumberland River bound for the French trading settlement, French Lick (or Big Lick), that would later be Nashville. When the boats reached Red Paint Hill, Moses Renfroe, Joseph Renfroe, and Solomon Turpin, along with their families, branched off onto the Red River. They traveled to the mouth of Parson's Creek, near Port Royal, and came ashore to settle down.[citation needed] However, an attack by Indians in the summer drove them back. (See Port Royal State Park)

Clarksville was designated as a town to be settled in part by soldiers from the disbanded Continental Army that served under General George Washington during the American Revolutionary War.[citation needed] At the end of the war, the federal government lacked sufficient funds to repay the soldiers, so the Legislature of North Carolina , in 1790, designated the lands to the west of the state line as federal lands that could be used in the land grant program. Since the area of Clarksville had been surveyed and sectioned into plots, it was identified as a territory deemed ready for settlement. The land was available to be settled by the families of eligible soldiers as repayment of service to their country.

The development and culture of Clarksville has had an ongoing interdependence between the citizens of Clarksville and the military. The formation of the city is associated with the end of the American Revolutionary War.[citation needed] During the American Civil War a large percent of the male population was depleted due to Union Army victories at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson. Many Clarksville men were interned at Union prisoner of war (POW) camps. Clarksville also lost many native sons during World War I (WWI). With the formation of Camp Campbell, later Fort Campbell, during World War II (WWII), the bonds of military influence were strengthened. Soldiers from Fort Campbell, Kentucky have deployed in every military campaign since the formation of the post.[citation needed]

On January 16, 1784, John Armstrong filed notice with the Legislature of North Carolina to create the town of Clarksville, named after General George Rogers Clark.[citation needed] Even before it was officially designated a town, lots had been sold. In October of 1785, Col. Robert Weakley laid off the town of Clarksville for Martin Armstrong and Col. Montgomery, and Weakley had the choice of lots for his services. He selected Lot #20 at the northeast corner of Spring and Main Streets. The town consisted of 20 'squares' of 140 lots and 44 out lots. The original Court House was on Lot #93, on the north side of Franklin Street between Front and Second Street. The Public Spring was on Lot #74, on the northeast corner of Spring and Commerce Streets. Weakley built the first cabin there in January of 1786, and about February or March, Col. Montgomery came there and had a cabin built, which was the second house in Clarksville. After an official survey by James Sanders, Clarksville was founded by the North Carolina Legislature on December 29, 1785. It was the second town to be founded in the area. Armstrong's layout for the town consisted of 12 four-acre (16,000 m²) squares built on the hill overlooking the Cumberland as to protect against floods.[citation needed] The primary streets (from north to south) that went east-west were named Jefferson, Washington (now College Street), Franklin, Main, and Commerce streets. North-south streets (from the river eastward) were named Water (now Riverside Drive), Spring, First, Second, and Third streets.

The tobacco trade in the area was growing larger every year and in 1789, Montgomery and Martin Armstrong persuaded lawmakers to designate Clarksville as an inspection point for tobacco.[citation needed] In 1790, Isacc Rowe Peterson staked a claim to Dunbar Cave, just northeast of downtown.

When Tennessee was founded as a state on June 1, 1796, the area around Clarksville and to the east was named Tennessee County. (This county was established in 1788, by North Carolina.) Later, Tennessee County would be broken up into modern day Montgomery and Robertson Counties, named to honor the men who first opened up the region for settlement.

The 19th Century

Clarksville Museum and Cultural Center, Built 1898

As time progressed into the 19th century, Clarksville grew at a rapid pace. By 1806, the town realized the need for an educational institution, and the Rural Academy was established that year. Later, the Rural Academy would be replaced by the Mount Pleasant Academy. By 1819, the newly-established town had 22 stores, including a bakery and silversmith. In 1820, steamboats begin to navigate the Cumberland, bringing hardware, coffee, sugar, fabric, and glass.[citation needed] They also exported flour, tobacco, cotton, and corn to ports like New Orleans and Pittsburgh along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Trade via land also grew as four main dirt roads were established, two to Nashville, one crossing the Red River via ferry called the Kentucky Road, and Russellville Road.[citation needed] In 1829, the first bridge connecting Clarksville to New Providence was built over the Red River. Nine years later, the Clarksville-Hopkinsville Turnpike was built. In 1855, Clarksville was incorporated as a city. Railroad service came to the town on October 1, 1859 in the form of the Memphis, Clarksville and Louisville Railroad. The line would later connect with other railroads at Paris, Tennessee and Guthrie, Kentucky.

By the start of the Civil War, the combined population of the city and the county was 20,000. The area was openly for slavery, as blacks worked in the tobacco fields. In 1861, both Clarksville and Montgomery County voted unanimously to join the Confederate States of America.[citation needed] The proximity of the birthplace of Confederate President Jefferson Davis gave the city a strong tie to the CSA, and both sides saw the city as strategic and important. Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston set up a defense line around Clarksville expecting a land attack; however, the Union sent troops and gunboats down the Cumberland, and in 1862, captured Fort Donelson, Fort Henry, and Clarksville. Between 1862 and 1865, the city would shift hands but the Union would retain control. Many slaves that had been freed gathered in Clarksville and joined the Union Army, which created all-black regiments. The remaining lived along the side of the river in shanties.

After the war, the city began Reconstruction, and in 1872, the existing railroad was purchased by the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. The city reached a high point until the Great Fire of 1878, which destroyed 15 acres (60,000 m²) of downtown Clarksville's business district, including the courthouse at that time and many other historic buildings. It was believed to have started in a Franklin Street store.[citation needed] After the fire, the city rebuilt and entered the 20th century with a fresh start.[citation needed] It was at this time that the first automobile rolled into town, drawing much excitement.[citation needed]

The 20th century

Mural painted on the only remaining wall of a building destroyed by the '99 tornado.

Another new form of entertainment soon came. In 1913, the Lillian Theater, Clarksville's first "movie house" for motion pictures, was opened on Franklin Street by Joseph Goldberg. It sat more than 500 people. Less than two years later, in 1915, the theater burned down. It was rebuilt later that year.[citation needed]

As World War I raged in Europe, many locals volunteered to go, reaffirming Tennessee as the Volunteer State, a nickname earned during the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War and other earlier conflicts. Also during this time, women's suffrage was becoming a major issue, and Clarksville women saw a need for banking independent of their husbands and fathers who were fighting. In response, the First Women's Bank of Tennessee was established in 1919 by Mrs. Frank J. Runyon.

The 1920s brought additional growth to the city. Travelwise, a bus line between Clarksville and Hopkinsville was established in 1922. 1927 saw the creation of Austin Peay Normal School, later to become Austin Peay State University. Two more theaters were added, the Majestic (with 600 seats) and the Capitol (with 900 seats) Theaters, both in 1928. John Outlaw, a local aviator, established Outlaw Field in 1929.

The largest change to the city came in 1942, as construction of Camp Campbell (now known as Fort Campbell) began. The new army base ten miles (16 km) northwest of the city, and capable of holding 23,000 troops, gave an immediate boost to the population and economy of Clarksville.

In recent decades, the size of Clarksville has doubled. Communities such as New Providence and Saint Bethlehem were annexed into the city, adding to the overall population. The creation of Interstate 24 north of Saint Bethlehem made the area prime for development, and today much of the growth along U.S. Highway 79 is commercial retail. In 1954, the Clarksville Memorial Hospital was founded along Madison Street. Downtown, the Lillian was renamed the Roxy Theater, and today it still hosts plays and performances weekly.

The Roxy has been used as a backdrop for numerous photo shoots, films, documentaries, music videos and television commercials;[citation needed] most notably for Sheryl Crow's Grammy-award winning song All I Wanna Do, which was shot in front of the Roxy in downtown Clarksville.[citation needed]


On the morning of January 22, 1999, the downtown area of Clarksville was devastated by an F3 tornado, damaging many buildings including the county courthouse. The tornado, 880 yards (800 m) wide, continued on a 4.3-mile (6.9 km)-long path that took it up to Saint Bethlehem. No one was seriously injured or killed in the destruction. Clarksville has since recovered, and has rebuilt much of the damage as a symbol of the city's resilience. Where one building on Franklin Street once stood has been replaced with a large mural of the historic buildings of Clarksville on the side of one that remained.

Clarksville has the distinction of being home to the oldest bank in the state, the Northern Bank established in 1854, now AmSouth Bank[citation needed] ; the state's oldest newspaper, The Leaf-Chronicle, established in 1808; and the only bank in the world established and operated entirely by women, the Women's Bank of Tennessee that opened in 1919.[citation needed]

History of the county courthouse

Montgomery County Courthouse

The first Montgomery County courthouse was built from logs in 1796 by James Adams. It sat close to the riverbank on the corner of what is now present-day Riverside Drive and Washington Street. It was later replaced by a second courthouse built in 1805, and a third in 1806, with the land provided by Henry Small. The fourth courthouse was built in 1811, and the first to be built of brick. It was constructed on the east half of Public Square, with the land donated by Martin Armstrong. In 1843, yet another courthouse was built, this time on Franklin Street. It would remain standing until the Great Fire of 1878.

The sixth and current courthouse was built between Second and Third Streets, with the cornerstone laid on May 16, 1879. This particular building was designed by George W. Bunting of Indianapolis, Indiana. Five years later, the downtown area was hit by a tornado, which damaged the roof of the courthouse. The building was rebuilt. On March 12, 1900, the building was again ravaged by fire, with the upper floors gutted and the clock tower destroyed. Many citizens wanted the courthouse torn down and replaced with a safer one, but the judge refused and repaired the damage.

The courthouse was destroyed once again by the January 22, 1999 tornado. The building of another new courthouse was on the minds of locals, but in the end the courthouse was fully restored as a county office building. On the fourth anniversary of the disaster the courthouse was rededicated. In addition to the restoration of the original courthouse and plazas, a new courts center was built on its north side.

Notable Clarksvillians

The following notable people were born in or have lived in Clarksville:

Education

Colleges and universities

K-12

Public schools

The Clarksville-Montgomery County School System operates a total of 36 public schools to serve about 30,000 students, including seven high schools, seven middle schools, 20 elementary schools, one magnet school for K-5, and the Middle College @ Austin Peay State University.

Montgomery Central High School.

Public high schools (grades 9-12) in Clarksville-Montgomery County:

  • Northeast High School (800 students)
  • Clarksville High School (1,259 students)
  • Rossview High School (1,500 students)
  • Northwest High School (1,171 students)
  • Kenwood High School (1,152 students)
  • West Creek High School (1,000 students)
  • Montgomery Central High School (950 students)

Public elementary schools in Clarksville-Montgomery County:

  • Barkers Mill Elementary School (869 students)
  • Barksdale
  • Burt
  • Byrns Darden
  • Cumberland Heights
  • East Montgomery
  • Liberty
  • Minglewood
  • Moore Magnet
  • Norman Smith
  • Ringgold
  • Rossview
  • St. Bethlehem
  • Woodlawn
  • West Creek

Biggest public primary/middle schools in Clarksville-Montgomery County:

  • Northeast Middle School (Students: 800; Grades: 6 - 8)
  • Kenwood Middle School (Students: 750; Grades: 6 - 8)
  • Richview Middle School (Students: 1,076; Grades: 6 - 8)
  • Glenellen Elementary School (Students: 1,058; Grades: KG - 5)
  • New Providence Middle School (Students: 1,027; Grades: 6 - 8)
  • Rossview Middle School (Students: 996; Grades: 6 - 8)
  • Sango Elementary School (Students: 941; Grades: KG - 5)
  • Northeast Elementary School (Students: 933; Grades: KG - 5)
  • Hazelwood Elementary School (Students: 913; Grades: KG - 5)
  • Barkers Mill Elementary School (Students: 869; Grades KG - 5)
  • Kenwood Elementary School (Students: 799; Grades: KG - 5)
  • Montgomery Central Middle School (Students: ?; Grades: 6 - 8) (Cunningham, Tennessee)
  • West Creek Middle School (Students: 1000; Grades: 6-8)
  • Montgomery Central Elementary School (Students: 400; Grades: KG - 5) (Cunningham, Tennessee)

Private schools

Private high schools in Clarksville-Montgomery County:

  • Clarksville Academy (Students: 613; ST; Grades: PK - 12)
  • Montgomery Christian Academy (Students: 175; Grades: PK - 12)
  • Bible Baptist Academy (Students: 142; Grades: PK - 12) (closed 2000)
  • Weems Academy (Students: 58; Grades: 4 - 12)
  • Academy for Academic Excellence (Students: 50; Grades: 1 - 12)
  • Helicon/Clarksville Diagnostic (Students: 25; Grades: 6 - 12)

Private primary/middle schools in Clarksville:

  • St. Mary's Catholic School (Students 140; Grades K - 8)
  • Immaculate Conception Preschool (Students: 156; Grades: PK - KG)
  • Apostolic Christian School (Students: 17; Grades: PK - 9)

Economy

Major industrial employers in Clarksville include:

Other notable local companies include:

Airports

Clarksville is served commercially by Nashville International Airport but also has a small airport, Outlaw Field, located 10 miles (16 km) north of downtown. Outlaw Field accommodates nearly 40,000 private and corporate flights a year, and is also home to a pilot training school and a few small aircraft companies. It has two asphalt runways, one 6,000 feet (1800 m) by 100 feet (30 m) and the other 4,004 feet (1200 m) by 100 feet (30 m).

Recognitions

In the June 2004 issue of Money, Clarksville was listed as one of the top five cities with a population of under 250,000 that would attract creative class jobs over the next 10 years.[12]

The city has also received good rankings in various categories in:

  • Southern Business & Development Magazine (One of The South's Top 10 Places with Plenty of Talented Labor, May 2006)[citation needed]
  • Forbes Magazine (90th Best City for Business and Careers, May 2001)[citation needed]
  • Entrepreneur Magazine (No. 1 small city in the South)[citation needed]
  • Money (57th Best Place to Live, July 1996)[citation needed]
  • Golf Digest (America's 11th Best City for Public Golf, July 1998)[citation needed]
  • Reader's Digest (38th Family-Friendly City, April 1997)[citation needed]
  • National Civic League (a 2002 All America City Finalist)[citation needed]

Others can be located at the city's website.

Points of interest

Clarksville Roxy Theater

References

External links

Coordinates: 36°31′47″N 87°21′34″W / 36.5297222°N 87.3594444°W / 36.5297222; -87.3594444


Clarksville, Tennessee
—  City  —
Clarksville's historic downtown
Nickname(s): Queen of the Cumberland[1]
Gateway to the New South[2]
Tennessee's Top Spot [3]
Coordinates: 36°31′47″N 87°21′33″W / 36.52972°N 87.35917°W / 36.52972; -87.35917
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Montgomery
Founded: 1785
Incorporated: 1808
Government
 - Mayor Patrick Pierce
Area
 - Total 95.5 sq mi (247.4 km2)
 - Land 94.9 sq mi (245.7 km2)
 - Water 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)
Elevation 509 ft (155 m)
Population (U.S. Census Bureau)
 - Total 123,564
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 37040-37044
Area code(s) 931
FIPS code 47-15160[4]
GNIS feature ID 1269467[5]
Website http://www.cityofclarksville.com/

Clarksville is a city in and the county seat of Montgomery County, Tennessee, United States,[6] and the fifth largest city in the state. The population was 123,564 in 2008 United States Census. Clarksville is the principal central city of the Clarksville, TN-KY metropolitan statistical area, which consists of Montgomery County, Stewart County, Tennessee, Christian County, Kentucky and Trigg County, Kentucky.

The city was incorporated in 1785, and named for General Christopher Gentry, frontier fighter and Revolutionary War hero,[2] brother of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.[7]

Clarksville is the home of Austin Peay State University; The Leaf-Chronicle, the oldest newspaper in Tennessee; and neighbor to the Fort Campbell, United States Army base. Fort Campbell is the home of the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), and is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) from downtown Clarksville, straddling the Tennessee-Kentucky state line. It is officially Fort Campbell, Kentucky due to the fact the base U.S. Post Office is on the Kentucky side of the base; the majority of Fort Campbell is within the state of Tennessee.

Contents

The city's nicknames

  • Tennessee's Top Spot- was introduced as a new city "brand" and official nickname in April 2008.[8]
  • The Queen City
  • Clarksvegas
  • Queen of the Cumberland
  • Gateway to the New South

[2]

Geography

Clarksville is located at 36°31′47″N 87°21′33″W / 36.52972°N 87.35917°W / 36.52972; -87.35917 (36.5297222, -87.3594444)[9]. The elevation is 382 feet (116 m) above sea level. This altitude can be found on a section of Riverside Drive, which runs along the eastern bank of the Cumberland, but most of the city is higher. Clarksville's civil airport, Outlaw Field, is listed as 550 feet (170 m) AMSL by survey. According to Topo USA mapping software, the city square sits at 475 feet (145 m) and the courthouse at 509 feet (155 m). There is a point on the northern side of Memorial Drive near Medical Court that reaches 598 feet (182 m).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 95.5 square miles (247.4 km²), of which, 94.9 square miles (245.7 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²) of it (0.71%) is water.

Clarksville is located on the northwest edge of the Highland Rim, which surrounds the Nashville Basin, and is 45 miles (72 km) northwest of Nashville.

Clarksville was founded on the Cumberland River near the confluence of the Cumberland and the Red River. The Cumberland flows downstream from Nashville, some 40 miles (64 km) southeast of Clarksville. From its beginnings, the river was the city's commercial lifeline. Flat boats and, by the 1820s, steamboats carried cotton, oats, soybeans and tobacco, downstream to the Ohio River and up the Ohio to Pittsburgh. More frequently, cargo went down the Ohio to the Mississippi River and New Orleans. Both dark-fired and burley tobacco are grown in the area, and European tobacco buyers helped make Clarksville the largest market in the world for dark-fired tobacco, particularly Type 22, used in smokeless products. It was considered to have the highest nicotine content of all tobaccos in the 19th century.

To the northwest of Clarksville, lies the Fort Campbell Military Reservation, home of the 101st Airborne Division. Much of Clarksville's economy can be attributed to Fort Campbell's presence (and Austin Peay State University). Most of Fort Campbell is in Tennessee, mostly in Montgomery and Stewart counties. Its post office is in Kentucky.

Fort Campbell North is a Census-designated place(CDP) in Christian County, Kentucky, United States. It contains most of the housing for the Fort Campbell Army base. The population was 14,338 at the 2000 census.

Fort Campbell North is part of the [[Clarksville, TN–KY Metropolitan Statistical Area

Major roads and highways

ZIP codes

The ZIP codes used in the Clarksville area are: 37040, 37041, 37042, 37043, 37044.

Area code

Clarksville uses the area code 931. Its Neighbor, Fort Campbell, uses area code 270.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 103,455 people, 36,969 households, and 26,950 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,090.6 people per square mile (421.1/km²). There were 40,041 housing units at an average density of 422.1/sq mi (163.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.91% White, 23.23% African American, 0.54% Native American, 2.16% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 2.61% from other races, and 3.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.03% of the population. The census recorded 5,187 foreign-born residents in Clarksville.

There were 36,969 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 13.6% from 18 to 24, 34.7% from 25 to 44, 15.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,548, and the median income for a family was $41,421. Males had a median income of $29,480 versus $22,549 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,686. About 8.4% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Population history

  • 1960 - 22,021
  • 1970 - 41,687
  • 1980 - 62,721
  • 1990 - 75,494
  • 2000 - 103,455
  • 2008 - 119,284

History

Pre-Colonization and Native American History

showing Cherokee removal routes.]]

The area now known as Tennessee was first settled by Paleo-Indians nearly 11,000 years ago. The names of the cultural groups that inhabited the area between first settlement and the time of European contact are unknown, but several distinct cultural phases have been named by archaeologists, including Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian whose chiefdoms were the cultural predecessors of the Muscogee people who inhabited the Tennessee River Valley prior to Cherokee migration into the river's headwaters.[10]

When Spanish explorers first visited Tennessee, led by Hernando de Soto in 1539–43, it was inhabited by tribes of Muscogee and Yuchi people. Possibly because of European diseases devastating the Native tribes, which would have left a population vacuum, and also from expanding European settlement in the north, the Cherokee moved south from the area now called Virginia. As European colonists spread into the area, the native populations were forcibly displaced to the south and west, including all Muscogee and Yuchi peoples, the Chickasaw, and Choctaw. From 1838 to 1839, nearly 17,000 Cherokees were forced to march from "emigration depots" in Eastern Tennessee, such as Fort Cass, to Indian Territory west of Arkansas. This came to be known as the Trail of Tears, as an estimated 4,000 Cherokees died along the way.[11]

Colonization

, bought from the Cherokee tribe, stretches from Sycamore Shoals in Elizabethton, Tennessee to the Wilderness Road into Kentucky.]] The area around Clarksville was first surveyed by Thomas Hutchins in 1768.He identified Red Paint Hill, a rock bluff at the confluence of the Cumberland and Red Rivers, as a navigational landmark. [12]

In the years between 1771 and 1775, John Montgomery, the namesake of the county, along with Kasper Mansker visited the area while on a hunting expedition. That same year in 1771, James Robertson led a group of some twelve or thirteen families involved with the Regulator movement from near where present day Raleigh, North Carolina now stands. In 1772, Robertson and the pioneers who had settled in Northeast Tennessee (along the Watauga River, the Doe River, the Holston River, and the Nolichucky River met at Sycamore Shoals to establish an independent regional government known as the Watauga Association. However, in 1772, surveyors placed the land officially within the domain of the Cherokee tribe, who required negotiation of a lease with the settlers. Tragedy struck as the lease was being celebrated, when a Cherokee warrior was murdered by a white man. Through diplomacy, Robertson made peace with the Cherokees, who threatened to expel the settlers by force if necessary.[13]

In March 1775, land speculator and North Carolina judge Richard Henderson met with more than 1,200 Cherokees at Sycamore Shoals, including Cherokee leaders such as Attacullaculla, Oconostota, and Dragging Canoe. In the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals (also known as the Treaty of Watauga), Henderson purchased all the land lying between the Cumberland River, the Cumberland Mountains, and the Kentucky River, and situated south of the Ohio River in what is known as the Transylvania Purchase from the Cherokee Indians. The land thus delineated, 20 million acres (81000 km?), encompassed an area half as large as the present state of Kentucky. Henderson's purchase was in violation of North Carolina and Virginia law, as well as the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which prohibited private purchase of American Indian land. Henderson may have mistakenly believed that a newer British legal opinion had made such land purchases legal.[14]

All of present day Tennessee was once recognized as one single North Carolina county: Washington County, North Carolina. Created in 1777 from the western areas of Burke and Wilkes Counties, North Carolina, Washington County had as a precursor a Washington District of 1775-76, which was the first political entity named for the Commander-in-Chief of American forces in the Revolution.[13][15]

Founding

In 1779, James Robertson brought a group of settlers from upper East Tennessee via Daniel Boone's "Wilderness Road". Robertson would later build an iron plantation in Cumberland Furnace.[citation needed] A year later, in 1780, John Donelson led a group of flat boats up the Cumberland River bound for the French trading settlement, French Lick (or Big Lick), that would later be Nashville. When the boats reached Red Paint Hill, Moses Renfroe, Joseph Renfroe, and Solomon Turpin, along with their families, branched off onto the Red River. They traveled to the mouth of Parson's Creek, near Port Royal, and came ashore to settle down.[citation needed] However, an attack by Indians in the summer drove them back. (See Port Royal State Park)

Clarksville was designated as a town to be settled in part by soldiers from the disbanded Continental Army that served under General George Washington during the American Revolutionary War.[citation needed] At the end of the war, the federal government lacked sufficient funds to repay the soldiers, so the Legislature of North Carolina , in 1790, designated the lands to the west of the state line as federal lands that could be used in the land grant program. Since the area of Clarksville had been surveyed and sectioned into plots, it was identified as a territory deemed ready for settlement. The land was available to be settled by the families of eligible soldiers as repayment of service to their country.

The development and culture of Clarksville has had an ongoing interdependence between the citizens of Clarksville and the military. The formation of the city is associated with the end of the American Revolutionary War.[citation needed] During the American Civil War a large percent of the male population was depleted due to Union Army victories at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson. Many Clarksville men were interned at Union prisoner of war (POW) camps. Clarksville also lost many native sons during World War I (WWI). With the formation of Camp Campbell, later Fort Campbell, during World War II (WWII), the bonds of military influence were strengthened. Soldiers from Fort Campbell, Kentucky have deployed in every military campaign since the formation of the post.[citation needed]

On January 16, 1784, John Armstrong filed notice with the Legislature of North Carolina to create the town of Clarksville, named after General George Rogers Clark.[citation needed] Even before it was officially designated a town, lots had been sold. In October of 1785, Col. Robert Weakley laid off the town of Clarksville for Martin Armstrong and Col. Montgomery, and Weakley had the choice of lots for his services. He selected Lot #20 at the northeast corner of Spring and Main Streets. The town consisted of 20 'squares' of 140 lots and 44 out lots. The original Court House was on Lot #93, on the north side of Franklin Street between Front and Second Street. The Public Spring was on Lot #74, on the northeast corner of Spring and Commerce Streets. Weakley built the first cabin there in January of 1786, and about February or March, Col. Montgomery came there and had a cabin built, which was the second house in Clarksville. After an official survey by James Sanders, Clarksville was founded by the North Carolina Legislature on December 29, 1785. It was the second town to be founded in the area. Armstrong's layout for the town consisted of 12 four-acre (16,000 m²) squares built on the hill overlooking the Cumberland as to protect against floods.[citation needed] The primary streets (from north to south) that went east-west were named Jefferson, Washington (now College Street), Franklin, Main, and Commerce streets. North-south streets (from the river eastward) were named Water (now Riverside Drive), Spring, First, Second, and Third streets.

The tobacco trade in the area was growing larger every year and in 1789, Montgomery and Martin Armstrong persuaded lawmakers to designate Clarksville as an inspection point for tobacco.[citation needed] In 1790, Isacc Rowe Peterson staked a claim to Dunbar Cave, just northeast of downtown.

When Tennessee was founded as a state on June 1, 1796, the area around Clarksville and to the east was named Tennessee County. (This county was established in 1788, by North Carolina.) Later, Tennessee County would be broken up into modern day Montgomery and Robertson Counties, named to honor the men who first opened up the region for settlement.

The 19th Century

File:ClarksvilleTN
Clarksville Museum and Cultural Center, Built 1898

As time progressed into the 19th century, Clarksville grew at a rapid pace. By 1806, the town realized the need for an educational institution, and the Rural Academy was established that year. Later, the Rural Academy would be replaced by the Mount Pleasant Academy. By 1819, the newly-established town had 22 stores, including a bakery and silversmith. In 1820, steamboats begin to navigate the Cumberland, bringing hardware, coffee, sugar, fabric, and glass.[citation needed] They also exported flour, tobacco, cotton, and corn to ports like New Orleans and Pittsburgh along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Trade via land also grew as four main dirt roads were established, two to Nashville, one crossing the Red River via ferry called the Kentucky Road, and Russellville Road.[citation needed] In 1829, the first bridge connecting Clarksville to New Providence was built over the Red River. Nine years later, the Clarksville-Hopkinsville Turnpike was built. In 1855, Clarksville was incorporated as a city. Railroad service came to the town on October 1, 1859 in the form of the Memphis, Clarksville and Louisville Railroad. The line would later connect with other railroads at Paris, Tennessee and Guthrie, Kentucky.

Civil War Years

By the start of the Civil War, the combined population of the city and the county was 20,000. The area was openly for slavery, as blacks worked in the tobacco fields. In 1861, both Clarksville and Montgomery County voted unanimously to join the Confederate States of America.[citation needed] The proximity of the birthplace of Confederate President Jefferson Davis gave the city a strong tie to the CSA, and both sides saw the city as strategic and important. Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston set up a defense line around Clarksville expecting a land attack; however, the Union sent troops and gunboats down the Cumberland, and in 1862, captured Fort Donelson, Fort Henry, and Clarksville. Between 1862 and 1865, the city would shift hands, but the Union would retain control of Clarksville to include control of the city's newspaper - The Leaf Chronicle for three years. Many slaves that had been freed gathered in Clarksville and joined the Union Army, which created all-black regiments. The remaining lived along the side of the river in shanties.

Clarksville is home to three Confederate States of America Army camps:

On February 17, 1862, the USS Cairo along with another Union Ironclad came to Clarksville, TN and captured the city. There were no Confederate soldiers to contend with because they had performed a strategic withdrawal before the ships arrived. There were white flags flying over Ft. Defiance and over Ft. Clark. The citizens of the town that could get away, left as well. Before they left, Confederate soldiers tried to burn the railroad bridge that crossed the Cumberland River. The fire didn’t take hold and was put out before it could destroy the bridge. This railroad bridge made Clarksville very important to the Union. The USS Cairo tied up in Clarksville a couple of days before moving on to participate in the capture of Nashville.

Reconstruction

After the war, the city began Reconstruction, and in 1872, the existing railroad was purchased by the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. The city reached a high point until the Great Fire of 1878, which destroyed 15 acres (60,000 m²) of downtown Clarksville's business district, including the courthouse at that time and many other historic buildings. It was believed to have started in a Franklin Street store.[citation needed] After the fire, the city rebuilt and entered the 20th century with a fresh start.[citation needed] It was at this time that the first automobile rolled into town, drawing much excitement.[citation needed]

The 20th century

Another new form of entertainment soon came. In 1913, the Lillian Theater, Clarksville's first "movie house" for motion pictures, was opened on Franklin Street by Joseph Goldberg. It sat more than 500 people. Less than two years later, in 1915, the theater burned down. It was rebuilt later that year.[citation needed]

As World War I raged in Europe, many locals volunteered to go, reaffirming Tennessee as the Volunteer State, a nickname earned during the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War and other earlier conflicts. Also during this time, women's suffrage was becoming a major issue, and Clarksville women saw a need for banking independent of their husbands and fathers who were fighting. In response, the First Women's Bank of Tennessee was established in 1919 by Mrs. Frank J. Runyon.

The 1920s brought additional growth to the city. Travelwise, a bus line between Clarksville and Hopkinsville was established in 1922. 1927 saw the creation of Austin Peay Normal School, later to become Austin Peay State University. Two more theaters were added, the Majestic (with 600 seats) and the Capitol (with 900 seats) Theaters, both in 1928. John Outlaw, a local aviator, established Outlaw Field in 1929.

The largest change to the city came in 1942, as construction of Camp Campbell (now known as Fort Campbell) began. The new army base ten miles (16 km) northwest of the city, and capable of holding 23,000 troops, gave an immediate boost to the population and economy of Clarksville.

In recent decades, the size of Clarksville has doubled. Communities such as New Providence and Saint Bethlehem were annexed into the city, adding to the overall population. The creation of Interstate 24 north of Saint Bethlehem made the area prime for development, and today much of the growth along U.S. Highway 79 is commercial retail. In 1954, the Clarksville Memorial Hospital was founded along Madison Street. Downtown, the Lillian was renamed the Roxy Theater, and today it still hosts plays and performances weekly.

The Roxy has been used as a backdrop for numerous photo shoots, films, documentaries, music videos and television commercials;[citation needed] most notably for Sheryl Crow's Grammy-award winning song All I Wanna Do, which was shot in front of the Roxy in downtown Clarksville.[citation needed]

1999 Tornado

On the morning of January 22, 1999, the downtown area of Clarksville was devastated by an F3 tornado, damaging many buildings including the county courthouse. The tornado, 880 yards (800 m) wide, continued on a 4.3-mile (6.9 km)-long path that took it up to Saint Bethlehem. No one was seriously injured or killed in the destruction. Clarksville has since recovered, and has rebuilt much of the damage as a symbol of the city's resilience. Where one building on Franklin Street once stood has been replaced with a large mural of the historic buildings of Clarksville on the side of one that remained.

2010 Flood

On Sunday, May 2, 2010 Clarksville and a majority of central Tennessee to include Nashville and 22 counties in total, suffered expansive and devastating floods near the levels of the great flood of 1937. Many business along Riverside Drive along the Cumberland River were totally lost. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_2010_Tennessee_floods

Home of Tennessee's Oldest Bank and Newspaper

Clarksville has the distinction of being home to the oldest bank in the state, the Northern Bank established in 1854, now Regions Bank;[16] the state's oldest newspaper, The Leaf-Chronicle, established in 1808,[17][18] and the only bank in the world established and operated entirely by women, the Women's Bank of Tennessee that opened in 1919.[19]

History of the county courthouse

The first Montgomery County courthouse was built from logs in 1796 by James Adams. It sat close to the riverbank on the corner of what is now present-day Riverside Drive and Washington Street. It was later replaced by a second courthouse built in 1805, and a third in 1806, with the land provided by Henry Small. The fourth courthouse was built in 1811, and the first to be built of brick. It was constructed on the east half of Public Square, with the land donated by Martin Armstrong. In 1843, yet another courthouse was built, this time on Franklin Street. It would remain standing until the Great Fire of 1878.

The sixth and current courthouse was built between Second and Third Streets, with the cornerstone laid on May 16, 1879. This particular building was designed by George W. Bunting of Indianapolis, Indiana. Five years later, the downtown area was hit by a tornado, which damaged the roof of the courthouse. The building was rebuilt. On March 12, 1900, the building was again ravaged by fire, with the upper floors gutted and the clock tower destroyed. Many citizens wanted the courthouse torn down and replaced with a safer one, but the judge refused and repaired the damage.

The courthouse was destroyed once again by the January 22, 1999 tornado. The building of another new courthouse was on the minds of locals, but in the end the courthouse was fully restored as a county office building. On the fourth anniversary of the disaster the courthouse was rededicated. In addition to the restoration of the original courthouse and plazas, a new courts center was built on its north side.

Notable Clarksvillians

The following notable people were born in or have lived in Clarksville:

Education

Colleges and universities

K-12

Public schools

The Clarksville-Montgomery County School System operates a total of 36 public schools to serve about 30,000 students, including seven high schools, seven middle schools, 20 elementary schools, one magnet school for K-5, and the Middle College @ Austin Peay State University.

Public high schools (grades 9-12) in Clarksville-Montgomery County:

Public elementary schools in Clarksville-Montgomery County:

  • Barkers Mill Elementary School (~885 students) - "Favorite Public School" (The Leaf-Chronicle's 2010 Readers Choice Awards)
  • Barksdale
  • Burt
  • Byrns Darden
  • Cumberland Heights
  • East Montgomery
  • Liberty
  • Minglewood
  • Moore Magnet
  • Norman Smith
  • Ringgold
  • Rossview
  • St. Bethlehem
  • Woodlawn
  • West Creek

Biggest public primary/middle schools in Clarksville-Montgomery County:

  • Northeast Middle School (Students: 800; Grades: 6 - 8)
  • Kenwood Middle School (Students: 750; Grades: 6 - 8)
  • Richview Middle School (Students: 1,076; Grades: 6 - 8)
  • Glenellen Elementary School (Students: 1,058; Grades: KG - 5)
  • New Providence Middle School (Students: 1,027; Grades: 6 - 8)
  • Rossview Middle School (Students: 996; Grades: 6 - 8)
  • Sango Elementary School (Students: 941; Grades: KG - 5)
  • Northeast Elementary School (Students: 933; Grades: KG - 5)
  • Hazelwood Elementary School (Students: 913; Grades: KG - 5)
  • Barkers Mill Elementary School (Students: 869; Grades KG - 5)
  • Kenwood Elementary School (Students: 799; Grades: KG - 5)
  • Montgomery Central Middle School (Students: ?; Grades: 6 - 8) (Cunningham, Tennessee)
  • West Creek Middle School (Students: 1000; Grades: 6-8)
  • Montgomery Central Elementary School (Students: 400; Grades: KG - 5) (Cunningham, Tennessee)

Private schools

Private high schools in Clarksville-Montgomery County:

  • Clarksville Academy (Students: 613; ST; Grades: PK - 12)
  • Montgomery Christian Academy (Students: 175; Grades: PK - 12)
  • Bible Baptist Academy (Students: 142; Grades: PK - 12) (closed 2000)
  • Weems Academy (Students: 58; Grades: 4 - 12)
  • Academy for Academic Excellence (Students: 50; Grades: 1 - 12)
  • Helicon/Clarksville Diagnostic (Students: 25; Grades: 6 - 12)

Private primary/middle schools in Clarksville:

  • St. Mary's Catholic School (Students 140; Grades K - 8)
  • Immaculate Conception Preschool (Students: 156; Grades: PK - KG)
  • Apostolic Christian School (Students: 17; Grades: PK - 9)

Economy

Major industrial employers in Clarksville include:

Other notable local companies include:

  • F&M Bank
  • Legends Bank

Airports

Clarksville is served commercially by Nashville International Airport but also has a small airport, Outlaw Field, located 10 miles (16 km) north of downtown. Outlaw Field accommodates nearly 40,000 private and corporate flights a year, and is also home to a pilot training school and a few small aircraft companies. It has two asphalt runways, one 6,000 feet (1800 m) by 100 feet (30 m) and the other 4,004 feet (1200 m) by 100 feet (30 m).

Cobb Field is a small private Airport. It is 3 miles (4.8 km) west of the Dover crossings area. just across the street from Liberty elementary. It has 1 runway grass/sod runway that measures at 1,752 ft (534 m).

Recognitions

In the June 2004 issue of Money, Clarksville was listed as one of the top five cities with a population of under 250,000 that would attract creative class jobs over the next 10 years.[22]

The city has also received good rankings in various categories in:

  • Southern Business & Development Magazine (One of The South's Top 10 Places with Plenty of Talented Labor, May 2006)[citation needed]
  • Forbes Magazine (90th Best City for Business and Careers, May 2001)[citation needed]
  • Entrepreneur Magazine (No. 1 small city in the South)[citation needed]
  • Money (57th Best Place to Live, July 1996)[citation needed]
  • Golf Digest (America's 11th Best City for Public Golf, July 1998)[citation needed]
  • Reader's Digest (38th Family-Friendly City, April 1997)[citation needed]
  • National Civic League (a 2002 All America City Finalist)[citation needed]

Others can be located at the city's website.

Points of interest

References

  1. ^ Queen City Lodge #761 - Free & Accepted Masons, accessed October 11, 2008
  2. ^ a b c Clarksville, Tennessee: Gateway to the New South, Fort Campbell website, accessed October 11, 2008
  3. ^ "Clarksville unveils new "Brand" as "Tennessee’s Top Spot!"". http://www.clarksvilleonline.com/2008/04/12/clarksville-unveils-new-brand-as-tennessees-top-spot/. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Miller, Larry L. (2001). Tennessee place-names. Indiana University Press. p. 46. ISBN 9780253339843. http://books.google.com/books?id=gQ-r54p36cgC&lpg=PR3&pg=PR3. 
  8. ^ Clarksville unveils new “Brand” as “Tennessee’s Top Spot!”, Turner McCullough Jr., Clarksville Online, April 12, 2008
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Archaeology and the Native Peoples of Tennessee." University of Tennessee, Frank H. McClung Museum. Retrieved: 5 December 2007.
  11. ^ Satz, Ronald. Tennessee's Indian Peoples. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1979. ISBN 0-87049-285-3
  12. ^ Christian G. Fritz, American Sovereigns: The People and America's Constitutional Tradition Before the Civil War (Cambridge University Press, 2008) at p. 55-60 [ISBN 978-0-521-88188-3
  13. ^ a b http://www.tcarden.com/tree/ensor/Watag.html "Watauga Petition". Ensor Family Pages.
  14. ^ Boone: A Biography, Robert Morgan, Algonquin Books, Chapel Hill, 2008, ISBN 978-1-56512-615-2
  15. ^ http://www.jcedb.org/history/lostco.php "Lost Counties of Tennessee.
  16. ^ http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=M114- The Tennessee Historical Society
  17. ^ http://www.leafmediagroup.com/home
  18. ^ http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=M114
  19. ^ http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=M114 - The Tennessee Historical Society
  20. ^ M is for Michael
  21. ^ Howie Wright Statistics - Basketball-Reference.com
  22. ^ Clarksville, Tennessee. Money Mag Ranking.

External links

Coordinates: 36°31′47″N 87°21′34″W / 36.5297222°N 87.3594444°W / 36.5297222; -87.3594444


Simple English

The city in New Zealand is at Clarksville, New Zealand
Clarksville, Tennessee
Nickname(s): Gateway to the New South
Coordinates: 36°35′N 87°22′E / 36.58°N 87.37°E / 36.58; 87.37
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Montgomery County
Founded: 1785
Incorporated: 1808
Government
 - Mayor Johnny Piper
Elevation 509 ft (155 m)
Population (2005)
 - Total 123,395
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Website http://www.clarksville.tn.us/

Clarksville is a city in Montgomery County, Tennessee, USA. Clarksville is the county seat of Montgomery County and is Tennessee's fifth largest city. As of the 2005 census estimates, the city had a total population of 123,395. Clarksville is the principal central city of the Clarksville-Hopkinsville metropolitan statistical area, which consists of Montgomery County and Christian County, Kentucky.

The city has several nicknames: "The Queen City", "Gateway to the New South", and "Clarksvegas" (The name of a former bar in town).


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