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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eighth (or 8th) grade (capitalized and called Grade 8 in Canada) is a year of education in the United States, Canada, Australia and other nations. The eighth grade is typically the final grade before high school, and the ninth grade of public and private education, following kindergarten and subsequent grades. Most students are between thirteen and fourteen years old, depending on when their birthday occurs. Eighth grade is usually the third and final grade of middle school, although some systems mark it as the final year of elementary school and some as the second year of high school (in Quebec, for example).


The eighth grade mathematics curriculum in the United States as well as Canada includes either Pre-Algebra, Algebra I, or Geometry. Occasionally Algebra II is also taught in very advanced schools. In some schools, especially the ones that are witnessing the required Basic Standards Test, basic everyday "real world" mathematical skills such as check writing, money management, and geometry are taught as well.

International equivalents

Many other countries use numerical levels for primary schooling. The U.S. eighth grade is equivalent to Canadian Grade 8 and German 8. Klasse.

In Ireland, the equivalent is 6th Class (for 11-12 year olds) which is year 8 or the final year of Primary School. 13 to 14 year olds would be in either the 1st or 2nd year of secondary school.

In the Netherlands, Groep 8 (literally means "group 8") is the final year of primary school at about 12 in age. Intermediate/Middle/Junior High School is again entered in "de eerste klas" (1e klas). The school is entered in group 1 at the age of four. Eighth grade in the Netherlands is de tweede klas(literally means "the second class). That is the second year in middle school.

The New Zealand equivalent is Form 3 or Year 9 (Form 1 being Year 7 or Grade 8, and Form 2 being Year 8 or Grade 7), the first year of High School. Formal education continues until at least 16 dependent on the type of secondary school; which start counting anew at class-level 1.

Grade 8 is not equivalent to Year 8 (Form 2) in the English and Welsh school systems, which is for students 12–13 years old and is the second year of secondary school. Eighth grade is actually equivalent to Year 9. These children are aged 13 - 14[1]

In Northern Ireland, 13-14 year olds are in Year 10 (Third Form), while in Scotland this year is called Secondary 2.

In France, eighth grade is equivalent to the third year of collège, the Quatrième or '4ème'.

In Brazil the minimum age required for eighth grade was recently changed from 12 to 13 years old.

In the Philippines, the equivalent is the first year of high school, and students are aged 13- 16 years old. Eighth graders are aged from 11 - 12 years old.

In some parts of the United States and Canada, 8th grade is the first year of high school, a school in Newfoundland and Labrador is an example.

In Quebec, Eighth Grade is equivalent to Secondary II (French: 2e Secondaire ("deuxieme")) or Secondary Cycle 1, Year 2.

In South Africa Grade 8 is the first year of High School, as there are no Middle Schools in the South African education system, it is also the first year after Primary School. Pupils (called learners by the Department of Education) are between the ages of 13 and 14.

In Mexico, Eighth grade is equivalent to the second year of middle school who are aged 13-14.

See also

Preceded by
Seventh grade
Eighth grade
age 13-14
Succeeded by
Ninth grade


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